Core Concepts
Remote Caching

Remote Caching

Turborepo's task cache can save a lot of time by never doing the same work twice.

But there's an issue - the cache is local to your machine. When you're working with a CI, this can result in a lot of duplicated work:

Since Turborepo only caches to the local filesystem by default, the same task (turbo run build) must be re-executed on each machine (by you, by your teammates, by your CI, by your PaaS, etc.) even when all of the task inputs are identical — which wastes time and resources.

A single, shared cache

What if you could share a single Turborepo cache across your entire team (and even your CI)?

By working with providers like Vercel, Turborepo can securely communicate with a remote cache - a cloud server that stores the results of your tasks.

This can save enormous amounts of time by preventing duplicated work across your entire organization.

Remote Caching is a powerful feature of Turborepo, but with great power comes great responsibility. Make sure you are caching correctly first and double check handling of environment variables. Please also remember Turborepo treats logs as artifacts, so be aware of what you are printing to the console.


For Local Development

If you want to link your local turborepo to your Remote Cache, first authenticate the Turborepo CLI with your Vercel account:

turbo login

If your Remote Cache is configured to use single-sign-on you will need to run npx turbo login --sso-team=TEAMNAME in order to get a cache token with the correct privileges.

Next, link your Turborepo to your remote cache:

turbo link

Once enabled, make some changes to a workspace you are currently caching and run tasks against it with turbo run. Your cache artifacts will now be stored locally and in your Remote Cache.

To verify, delete your local Turborepo cache with:

rm -rf ./node_modules/.cache/turbo

Then run the same build again. If things are working properly, turbo should not execute tasks locally, but rather download both the logs and artifacts from your Remote Cache and replay them back to you.

Remote Caching on Vercel Builds

If you are building and hosting your apps on Vercel, Remote Caching will be automatically set up on your behalf once you use turbo. You need to update your build settings (opens in a new tab) to build with turbo.

Please refer to the Vercel documentation (opens in a new tab) for more information.

Artifact Integrity and Authenticity Verification

You can enable Turborepo to sign artifacts with a secret key before uploading them to the Remote Cache. Turborepo uses HMAC-SHA256 signatures on artifacts using a secret key you provide. Turborepo will verify the remote cache artifacts' integrity and authenticity when they're downloaded. Any artifacts that fail to verify will be ignored and treated as a cache miss by Turborepo.

To enable this feature, set the remoteCache options on your turbo.json config to include signature: true. Then specify your secret key by declaring the TURBO_REMOTE_CACHE_SIGNATURE_KEY environment variable.

  "$schema": "",
  "remoteCache": {
    // Indicates if signature verification is enabled.
    "signature": true

Custom Remote Caches

You can self-host your own Remote Cache or use other remote caching service providers as long as they comply with Turborepo's Remote Caching Server API.

You can set the remote caching domain by specifying the --api and --token flags, where --api is the hostname and --token is a bearer token.

turbo run build --api="" --token="xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx"

You can see the endpoints / requests needed here (opens in a new tab).